Impact of forest fires on buildings and structures
The mathematical modeling of forest fires actions on buildings and structures has been carried out to study the effects of fire intensity and wind speed on possibility of ignition of buildings. The crown forest fire is introduced as a heat and mass source defined by the empirical values of average crown fire temperature and vertical gas velocity at the top crown surface dependent on fire intensity. The hydrodynamic and thermal interactions between plume, wind flow and building are analyzed. The modeling approach is based on the use of standard non-stationary three-dimensional conservation equations that are solved numerically under the input conditions specific for large crown forest fires.