Seismic behavior of end walls in RC tall buildings with torsional irregularity

Structural mechanics

Many factors affect tall buildings under the influence of earthquake forces. According to the conducted studies, more tensions have been observed in the end wings of shear walls. The end shear wall is used to reduce tensions and to improve the performance of shear walls in tall buildings. In this study, 10-story, 30-story and 50-story concrete buildings with square plans were modeled and two cases of the moment-resisting frame with shear wall and moment-resisting frame with end shear wall, which were under the influence of earthquake and linear static analysis have been investigated. In this analysis, the buildings were torsioned and the results of the analysis showed that the values of the drifts, roof displacement and first period in the structure with the end wall are about 50 % percent less than of that of the building without the end wall, also, On the other hand, with the presence of the end wall in structure the ratio (∆max/∆avg) is more than 1.2, so, the use of the end wall led to a more appropriate behavior of warping in comparison to concrete square frames with no end walls.