Comprehensive assessment for optimal wind energy use in cottage construction
The article considers the significance of an integrated assessment of the territory to ensure its sustainable development and use of its results when choosing a particular type of alternative energy source for a particular built-up area. RES (renewable energy sources) are types of energy that are continuously renewed in the Earth's biosphere (solar, wind, water, tidal energy, waves of water objects, including water bodies, rivers, seas, oceans, biogas, gas produced by waste products and consumption in landfills of such waste, gas generated from coal mining). The research presents a database of a geoinformation system for the selection and use of RES for housing construction, while multi-criteria evaluation is used in this case to determine the level of sustainable development of the territory of municipalities. The main factors in the selection and introduction of renewable energy sources in housing construction are the natural parameters, i.e. the wind region. Climate-forming factors of territory estimation are presented, as well as their dependence on climatic conditions. This system of territory assessment has been tested on the example of the Rostov Region in area of wind energy. Based on the maps built in ArcGIS ESRI, the territory of the Rostov Region is visually represented and its suitability is estimated for the introduction and development of wind energy source. The developed system is compared with the well-known works in the field of renewable energy sources; the use of GIS technologies reveals the advantages of the authors’ system. Detailed conclusions were made based on the results of the study: an integrated system for choosing the location of the RES are adapted for the conditions of the Rostov region.