Theoretical and experimental validation of the air changes in industrial ventilation optimization method

Heat supply, ventilation, air conditioning, gas supply and lighting

Wide dissemination and development of industrial ventilation of different industries, which began in our country from the period of industrialization of the 30s years of the twentieth century has led to significant scientific and practical achievements noted in numerous books and articles. It also has a positive effect on the health of manufactures staff. More than 2.5 thousand different harmful substances and local suctions from them were investigated in detail by hygienists and engineers in the USSR, in Russia and abroad, but, unfortunately, have not been systematized and generalized. This article tries to make such generalization, corroborated by analytical relationships and dependencies experienced by different authors. This technique is based on the exponential-power dependence for the effectiveness of local suction, which is close to dependence, accepted in the study of turbulent diffusion, but in more general terms. The proposed in the article new term equivalent-effective rate is rather universal concept, which allows to compare the effectiveness of hazards trapping for different design, technological and aerodynamic parameters of the source and the suction of any kind. On the basis of this idea, an opportunity of the ventilation systems in industrial ventilation for numerous industrial processes optimization appeared. As a result of using this method the capital and operating costs for the equipment of these systems, steam curing, and air movement could be reduced, thereby significant technical and economic effect could be provided.