Deformations of steel roof trusses under shock emergency action

Structural mechanics

The problems of experimental and theoretical research on the stressed and deformed state of steel structures under emergency actions are particularly relevant. Тhis paper proposes experimental and theoretical research methodology, which is used on the basis of an example of research on a full-length truss as part of the frame for an industrial buildings workshop. Components of the stressed-strained state of the structure are determined experimentally in the course of a simulated emergency situation. As emergency impacts, this paper considers the detachment of the air-cooling unit attached to a node of the lower chord of the truss. Experimental data is gathered through the joint use of the crate system, cable sensor and PC. The finite-element modelling of the structure behavior is performed based on the direct integration of differential equations of motion of the system subject to the local dynamic effects, and a comparison of data obtained with experiments results. As a result of using the test methodology we obtained the maximum weight of technological equipment fastened to the roof truss, while ensuring its normal operation in case of an emergency related to the failure to affix the equipment.