Numerical modelling of tides and tsunami waves propagation

Hydraulic engineering

Modelling of tides and tsunami waves propagation is important problem for the hydraulic engineering practice since it allows to predict characteristics of these phenomena (load, values of run up and flooding zones, propagation times to structures and so on) and to make reasonable choice of design solution for coastal structures. Numerical modeling is effective way to simulate tides and tsunami waves propagation. Results of simulations of tides and tsunami waves propagation on the basis of shallow water model are presented and analyzed in the article. It was considered explicit and implicit numerical scheme for solution of shallow water model equations, which were verified on the number of experimental results including experimental data on distribution of dam-break wave propagation on a dry and sloping bottom. It is shown that the numerical data of tides in Persian Gulf are well co-ordinated with the data of tidal tables, both on time and on level of tides in various points. Numerical results of tsunami waves propagation in the Krasheninnikov Bay and Kozmino Bay are presented at various angles of tsunami at open boundary of computed area. Numerical results of tide currents for Krasheninnikov Bay are presented for various velocities of a wind. Developed programs may be used, particular, for numerical calculations of impact characteristics of tsunami waves on structures in coastal and offshore zones according requirements of Russian normative documents.