Deformations during drying of wooden corner elements of I-beams

Structural mechanics

At present, environmental degradation is occurring, which affects forests. Increasingly, in the trunks of conifers there is core (sound) rot. Round timber with sound rot is left in the forest, which does not contribute to improving the environmental situation. A new technological process is proposed for producing lumber from round timber with sound rot for the manufacture of structural elements for construction. In the process of cutting, the rot is removed, and the elements of the angular cross section are obtained. In the future, they are used for the manufacture of I-beams. A method of drying elements of an angular cross section in convection chambers of periodic action is considered. Samples were made in which the change in the angles of the inner quarter was measured. Samples were dried to a moisture content of 6 ± 2%. During drying, the samples were fixed in pairs using clamps (clamps). It is established that the deviation of the angles of the side of the quarter of the bar of the angular cross section increases with increasing size of the quarter. The transverse warping of the pressed samples is much less than that of the samples without pressure. The optimal size of the core (core) rot should be 30-35% of the diameter of the round assortment at the top. Such rot sizes at the corresponding quarter sizes do not lead to significant allowances for machining and loss of volumes of high-quality structural wood.