The relevance of the work is due to the need to expand the raw material base of the construction industry and develop an effective technology for the disposal of waste from water treatment plants. The purpose of the work was to establish the features of the phase composition and structure of loam ceramics and incinerated sewage sludge ash. The work used differential thermal and X-ray phase analysis, electron microscopy. It has been established that the enrichment of loam by the addition of ash from the incineration of domestic sewage sludge (DSS) ensures the connection of aggregates and individual particles into a single system reinforced with anorthite crystals. In this case, an increase in the amount of the anorthite phase and the mechanical strength of ceramics occurs with an increase in the proportion of ash from the incineration of DSS in the charge to more than 20 %. It is shown that the structure of ceramics made from loam with the addition of ash from the combustion of DSS is characterized by a spatial frame, which is a kind of a matrix that combines filler particles according to the "core-shell" type, and an increase in the number of reserve pores, which favorably affects the frost resistance of ceramics.