Analysis of ground temperature variations on the basis of years-long measurements

Energy efficiency and thermal protection of buildings

The article deals with results of the analysis of years-long measurements of the ground temperatures, for example: Russia, Moscow. Data are given on variations of the ground temperatures in the course of a year, at a 10-days interval, in two plots of land – one under exposed surface, the other under natural cover. Trends of ground temperature variations have been shown, for a period of over 50 years. As a part of research, an important application task is being handled, that is acquisition of information on a typical curve of ground temperatures to enable carrying-out more correct calculations of ground heat exchangers for any region of any country, and making forecasts of operating efficiency of geothermal heat pump systems, including long-term forecasts.