Design methods of timber-concrete composite ceiling structure

Building constructions, buildings and structures

Timber-concrete composite structural members are increasingly used in the case of restoration of wooden ceilings. In the other hand, their use also increases in the case of new buildings. Design methods of the composite structures have been evolving since their first use. This expressive evolution of design methods is related to extensive research in this area in last three decades. This paper presents basic information about realisation, experimental and numerical analysis of timber-concrete composite ceiling with nail connections. The design of the mentioned ceiling was realised according to the relevant standards and recommendations in that time. The paper also presents a comparison between the design results of this composite ceiling and deflections measured during experimental short term loading process with the currently widely used analytical calculation model, so called γ-method. This method takes into account the joint compliance of the used nails. In addition, creep behaviour of used materials and concrete shrinkage were implemented in this calculation model. Comparison of the numerical and experimental results shows, that the current method better reflects the real stiffness of the ceiling structure. On the base of mentioned calculation model, the final deformation of the ceiling was also predicted.