The work presents the results of research on the strengthening of soil basement in the center of the urban nucleus of Vladimir, which are loam, sandy loam in soft-plastic state, and also sandy loam with silt. The technology of applying the strengthening composition in the soil has been developed. The results of the investigation of physical and mechanical properties of soils and their water resistance have been presented. The microstructure of the concrete has been studied and compositions of masonry material suitable for the construction of residential premises have been developed. The advantages and prospects of development of domed buildings have been studied. The expediency of using domed buildings in terms of energy efficiency has been substantiated. The possibility of using the developed building materials for the construction of domed buildings has been considered.